This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more

Law Outlines Constitutional Outlines

Incorporation Doctrine Outline

Updated Incorporation Doctrine Notes

Constitutional Outlines


Approximately 114 pages

This Constitutional Law outline lays out what you need to know for your exam in easy-to-understand sections. The outline is keyed with a table of contents, so that it is easy to find exactly what you need while studying or on exam day. Case law is color coded so you can quickly find the appropriate to case to cite in your exam. Subjects in the outline include: methods to Constitutional interpretation, judicial review, limits on judicial power, executive powers, congressional powers, federalism, t...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Constitutional Outlines. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Incorporation Doctrine

  1. Barron v. Baltimore (1824) - John Barron was co-owner of a profitable wharf in the harbor of Baltimore. As the city developed and expanded, large amounts of sand accumulated in the harbor, depriving Barron of the deep waters which had been the key to his successful business. He sued the city to recover a portion of his financial losses.

    1. Held: Fifth Amendment claim against the city of Baltimore REJECTED because the constitutional amendments did not apply to the states and local governments

    2. purpose of Constitution was to create/limit federal govt, not states

    3. States were trusted; closer to the people

    4. States had their own constitutions

  1. Reconstruction Amendments – contains no explicit statement that the Bill of Rights applied to the states.

    1. Does 14th Amendment, Section I incorporate the Bill of rights?

      1. “No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.”

    2. Meaning of Privileges or Immunities Clause

      1. John Bingham (principal author of 14th): P&I are defined by first eight amendments. These 8 articles were never limitations upon power of the States until made so by the 14th.

    3. Slaughter House Cases (1872) – Butchers argue that Louisiana’s grant of slaughterhouse monopoly to New Orleans company violates 13th amendment, 14th Due Process, Equal Protection, P&I

      1. Held: 13th amendment is about slavery, not other analogous forms of servitude. Not applicable.

      2. Held: 14th amendment due process is a provision regarding procedural rights, not to have a particular job. Not applicable.

      3. Held: 14th amendment EP was designed exclusively for benefit of black citizens. Not applicable.

      4. Held: 14th P&I – purpose of provision is to protect US citizens from state governments; not to protect citizens of a state from their own state

        1. Article IV, Sec 2: Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States

        2. Cornfield v. Coryell (1823) interpreted P&I clause to protect fundamental rights that are traditionally domain of the States to protect. Should not assume 14th Amendment was intended to put federal courts and Congress in charge of all of that without a clear expression of purpose

        3. The P&I of federal citizenship (right to come to seat of govt/make claim against it, free access to sea ports) do not include rights protected under Bill of Rights

        4. E.S. Corwin: “Unique among constitutional provisions, the privileges and immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment enjoys the distinction of having been rendered a practical nullity by a single decision of the Supreme Court rendered within five years after its ratification.”

    4. Twining v. New Jersey (1907) - Twining, a bank director, was charged with a misdemeanor (deceiving a bank examiner). Twining declined to testify at his trial. Under New Jersey law, the prosecutor commented upon Twining's failure to testify. A jury convicted Twining; he appealed.

      1. Held: The rights safeguarded by the first eight Amendments are protected by the 14th Amendment as applied to the states

      2. Neither the Privileges and...

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Constitutional Outlines.