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LLM Law Outlines Corporate Bonds and Credit Agreement Outlines

Sinking Funds Outline

Updated Sinking Funds Notes

Corporate Bonds and Credit Agreement Outlines

Corporate Bonds and Credit Agreement

Approximately 204 pages

Corporate Bonds and Credit Agreement with Kahan Spring 2019...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Corporate Bonds and Credit Agreement Outlines. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Sinking Funds

Model Simplified Indenture, Section 3.01-3.06, Exhibit A, Section 6

Northwest Note Agreement, Section 8.1, 8.3, 8.5

  • Sinking Fund = a fund formed by periodically setting aside money for the gradual repayment of a debt or replacement of a wasting asset

  • 3 elements in public bonds

    • Requirement to redeem certain amounts prior to maturity

      • Principal repayment is distributed throughout the year overtime the principal amount declines, by the time the principal is due, less is owed

    • Right to redeem that amount at par

      • Usually redemption is at a premium

    • Right to use bonds purchased in market/ previously redeemed or converted to satisfy requirement

      • Use other bonds to repay, those bonds might be unconvertible

  • Economics of choice between options for satisfying requirements

    • You get money back earlier shorter loan usually carries less risk

    • But the option to redeem is more valuable to the company than the bondholder

    • Company have option (not requirement) to redeem in par/ repurchase company would

      1. redeem at par when purchase price is higher than par

      2. repurchase when the purchase price is lower than par

    • Company would only exercise option when it is beneficial to the company

  • Procedure (notice etc.) same as for optional redemption

Problem Set 4

Consider the Model Simplified Indenture - Section 3.01-3.06, Exhibit A, Section 6

Assume that $100 million of Debentures have been issued by MSI under the MSI Indenture and that the first sentence of §6 of the Debentures reads "The Company will redeem $10 million principal amount of the Securities on June 1, 1995 and on each June 1 thereafter through June 1, 2004…”

On April 20, 1994, the Company repurchases $15 million of Securities. On May 20, 1994, the Company redeems $25 million of Securities pursuant to §5 of the Securities. No securities have been converted or delivered to the Trustee for cancellation.

  1. What are the Company's options with respect to the mandatory redemption requirement on June 1, 1995? How would you advise the Company?

  • Kahan: It could redeem bonds at par or use bonds repurchased or previously redeemed to satisfy the sinking fund requirement. The company should redeem bonds at par if the value of these bonds (if unredeemed) is above par.

  • Exhibit A, section 6: Mandatory Redemption “The Company will redeem $_____ principal amount of the Securities’ on ____ and on each ___ thereafter through ______ at a redemption price of 100% of principal amount, plus accrued interest to the redemption date… The Company may reduce the principal amount of Securities to be redeemed pursuant to this paragraph by subtracting 100% of the principal amount (excluding premium) of any Securities’ that have been previously cancelled, that Securityholders have converted (other than Securities converted after being called for mandatory redemption), that the Company has delivered to the trustee for cancellation or that the Company has redeemed other than pursuant to this paragraph. The Company may so subtract the same Security only once”

  1. Assume that, on June 1, 1995, you hold $1 million in Securities, that the Company decides to redeem $10 million of Securities on June 1, 1995, and the redemption is to be made pro rata. What portion of your securities will be redeemed?

  • Kahan: The answer to this question depends on out of what pool of bonds the redemption is made. Bonds repurchased by the Company are in that pool, but bonds that were previously redeemed are not. So 10/75 is the pro rata share of bonds redeemed.

  • 100M issued outstanding;

    • 15M repurchased;

    • 25M redeemed previously

  • Company wants to redeem 10M out of the 60M held by holders, what portion is being redeemed? What is denominator? 10M out of what? 75M

    1. All issued bonds originally = $100m (10/100 = 10%)

    2. All excerpt for previously $25M redeemed bonds = $75m (10/75 = 13.3%)

      • 15M repurchased; outstanding under 2.08, still counts

      • 25M redeemed previously; if cancelled not outstanding doesn’t count

    3. All except for 25M redeemed and 15M repurchased bonds = $60m (10/60 = 16.7%)

      • If 25M is not cancelled outstanding counts

  • Company redeem 10M out of 75M because:

    • Section 3.02 Selection of Securities to be redeemed “If less than all the Securities are to be redeemed, the trustee shall select the Securities to be redeemed…Trustee shall make the selection from Securities outstanding not previously called for redemption. The Trustee may select for redemption portions of the Principal of Securities that have denominations larger than $1000…”

      • Securities must be (1) outstanding; and (2) not previously called for redemption

      • Redeemed securities are not outstanding nor previously called for redemption

      • In general, stocks that company purchased are not considered as outstanding 15M should not count but 2.08

  • Section 2.08 Outstanding Securities

    • “Securities outstanding at any time are all Securities authenticated by the Trustee except for those canceled by the Registrar, those delivered to it...

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